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The gist of the story is that the world’s largest social network is launching its own cryptocurrency Libra with its cryptowallet - Calibra. It will be a stablecoin which is pegged to the US dollar and will have liquidity across the whole world.
More and more world’s financial regulators are becoming sensitive to that news, as, given the size of Facebook’s community, this coin has the potential to disrupt the global economy and even opens up the threats to ideas of terrorist funding and such. The potential impact of Libra is so huge that it is regulators are paying more attention to it over longstanding ones like Bitcoin or Ethereum. For example, as Libra came along, countries like Turkey and China begun taking some steps to create their own, as you could read from our latest Newsflash. Understandably, the US Senate could not just omit this historic development and called for the Libra’s CEO, David Marcus to explain in detail what Facebook is up to this time.
Even though it would be beneficial to run through the entire two hour recording, the VHCEx team has prepared an outline of the major takeaways from the hearing regarding Facebook’s cryptocurrency.
- Facebook will embed exclusively its proprietary cryptowallet Calibra into its Messenger and Whatsapp apps, while the similar requests from the third-party developers will be rejected.
- Libra will be compatible with other wallets which is why users will be able to move their funds among the wallets and if they desire, be able to move to use of other wallets developed by competitors.
- According to Facebook’s opinion, the US should lead the global crypto adoption and development of proper legal frameworks for regulating cryptocurrencies flow.
- Libra shall comply with all existing requirements under the US monetary and securities law and will not be launched unless all the preconditions are met.
- Libra association will include more than 100 partners that will integrate its usage within their networks, which is why it is not entirely Facebook’s project.
- Mr. Marcus is prepared to receive his own salary from Facebook in the form of Libra.
- Calibra is not going to monetize user data. Every time a third-party application will ask for those data, the user will see that request.
- The basic monetization business model of Libra is built on online commerce which must trigger businesses’ desire to spend money on digital advertising in Libra.
Questions left unanswered
During the hearing, Marcus failed to clearly answer whether Facebook will collect the data related to Calibra transactions, for instance, when users buy goods from the third-party stores that they found in the social network. Marcus only noted that people will be left with the option to pay for the goods with their cards and other financial instruments together with Libra. Therefore, even though Facebook won’t know what amount of coins is stored in a user’s wallet, it will still have access to the amount paid and destination of the transaction.
When answering the question regarding the cumulative cost of the Libra project, Marcus only said that such estimates were never conducted within the company. He also failed to explain to one of the senators why Libra Association is deemed a non-commercial organization given that it pays interest to its members.
Senator Robert Menendes asked if Libra is going to block the assets if they turn out to be related to terrorism. Marcus told that Calibra and other custodial wallets holding users’ coins, will have the possibility to do that, whereas the regulated channels will be able to impede the conversion of Libra into fiat. However, this does not mean that Libra will actually not be able to stop the terrorism-related transactions among non-custodial wallets - the ones people will have private keys of. Such obstruction will be especially difficult to carry out in cases when the jurisdictions of the countries where those organizations work will not cooperate.
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